amoxil

Amoxil

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What is Amoxil ?

Amoxil is a penicillin antibiotic which is actively used for the treatment of many bacterial infections.

The main active ingredient of Amoxil is Amoxicillin. It is an acid-resistant, antibacterial medication which provides a bactericidal action to microorganisms.

The main mechanism of the infection symptom inhibition is conditioned by the disorder of synthesis of the bacteria cellular walls in the period of their development. Due to the disorder of the formation of the new cellular walls in microorganisms, there is a dissolution of these cells and destruction of the entire bacterial chain.

The causative agents of infection which are sensitive to Amoxil are:

  • Aerobic Gram-positive cocci
  • Aerobic Gram-negative cocci
  • Gram-negative bacilli

Microorganisms which produce penicillinase (an enzyme destroys penicillin), and therefore, the combined use of the antibiotic with clavulanic acid is the most effective.

Due to the high acid-resistance of Amoxicillin, it is very effective during the peroral use, and there is no need to use it in the form of the injection.

Use and dosage of Amoxil

The daily dose of Amoxil is regulated by the level of the severity of the symptoms of the infection, patient’s age, and type of infection.

  • Amoxil is allowed adults and children over 1 year old
  • The Amoxil pills are used orally before, or after meals, with a full glass of water
  • Adults and children older than 10 years old are recommended to take 500 mg of Amoxil 3 times per day
  • In case of severe infectious diseases, the dose can be increased and taken Amoxil 750 mg 3 times per day

Children under 10 years old are prescribed an individual dose according to the age and body weight: from 125 mg to 250 mg of Amoxil 3 times per day.

In case of the infectious diseases of the GIT or gynecological infections the use of the high doses of Amoxil is required: from 1 to 2 g three times per day.

Depending on the inhibition of the infection symptoms, the treatment is continued for 5 to 12 days. Even if the patient feels a significant improvement of the health, the treatment should be continued for at least 2 days to fix the result.

Contraindications for the use

Amoxil can be contraindicated patients with bronchial asthma, hepatic failure, acute allergic diseases, and also individual intolerance of the separate ingredients of the medicine or penicillin antibiotics.

There is no data about the safety of Amoxil during pregnancy, and therefore a qualified physician will decide on taking Amoxil by pregnant women.

If the antibiotic must be used during the breast feeding, the bottle feeding should be used for the safety of a child.

Possible side effects

The side effects of Amoxil can occur as a result of the reaction of microorganisms to the pharmacological activity of Amoxicillin.

In single cases, patients may have headache, dizziness, fever, nausea, vomiting, hallucinations, sleepiness, muscle pain, pain in joints, change of the taste, ataxia, and anxiety.

As soon as the disease symptoms will become weak, all side effects of Amoxil will be stopped. It happens in the first 2 days of the treatment.

In case of the appearance of the side effects, there is no need in the urgent medical aid except cases when Amoxil causes severe allergic reaction, edema, and short breathing.

What infectious diseases is Amoxil prescribed for?

Amoxil can be used for the treatment of the inflammatory processes of the infectious origin:

  • acute otitis media.
  • acute sinusitis.
  • bacterial pharyngitis.
  • Chronical bronchitis.
  • pneumonia.
  • cystitis.
  • endocarditis.
  • urethritis.
  • gonorrhea.
  • cholecystitis.
  • peritonitis.
  • Lyme disease.
  • salmonellosis and many others.