What is Atarax?
Atarax is a trade name of the active ingredient hydroxyzine dihydrochloride which has been approved by FDA for the treatment of the anxious disorders and acute psycho-neurological diseases.
Atarax is a medicine of the combined action. First of all, it removes anxiety and relaxes, and then it is antihistamine products and inhibits the symptoms of the allergic reaction.
The medication works well for patients who have affections of the nervous system and chronic allergic diseases: neurodermia, bronchial asthma, and others. These diseases are often accompanied by the apprehensive attitude of the attack, irritation and anxiety.
Atarax has a mild anxiolytic activity, provides a sedative and antiemetic action. It does not inhibit the functions of the central nervous system but it is able to selectively inhibit the activity of some zones of the subcortical structure of the brain and reduce the high excitement of the central nervous system.
Besides the high activity of Atarax as to the central nervous system, this medication provides an intense antihistamine and bronchodilating action.
The main advantage of Atarax is no medical and psychological addiction during the use of the medicine in the therapeutic doses.
Therapeutic effect of Atarax occurs quickly, within 30 minutes after the consumption of the pill.
How to take Atarax?
Atarax is taken for:
- Anxious states
- Psychomotor agitation
- High irritation
- Neurological and psychological diseases
- Skin itching during the allergic reaction
Patients are prescribed 50 mg of Atarax per day to treat anxious disorders. As the medication provides an expressed sedative action, the dose is divided into several parts.
The daily dose of Atarax 50 mg may be divided into 3 parts: in the morning, a half of the pill Atarax 25 mg (a single dose of 12,5 mg) is taken in the afternoon; and the entire pill of Atarax 25 mg is taken before going to bed.
In case of nosotropic treatment of the allergic reaction, patients are prescribed 1 pill of Atarax 25 mg per day and the body reaction is observed. If more expressed anti-allergic action is needed, the dose may be increased up to 100 mg of Atarax per day.
Atarax may be taken as a prolonged course, as well as a single application to terminate anxiety or improve sleep.
The expressed sedative activity of Atarax is clinically proved, and therefore the medication may cause sleepiness, poor coordination, and fatigue. Patients whose activity requires a high psychomotor reaction should terminate this activity during the treatment.
Atarax increases the action of all ingredients which cause an inhibiting action to the CNS: analgesics, barbiturates, ethanol, antidepressants, and others.
Contraindications for the use of Atarax:
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia
- Urinary difficulty
- Glaucoma (high intraocular pressure)
- Underlying risk for the convulsion
- Acute renal/hepatic dysfunction
What side effects may occur during the use of Atarax?
The most intense side effects which may occur during the use of Atarax are: sleepiness, muscle weakness, dry mouth, dizziness, tremor, high intraocular pressure, urine retention, tachycardia, and low arterial pressure.
These side effects appear as a result of the pharmacological action of Atarax but they do not have negative influence on the patients and pass within a short period.